Vǫluspá, Gullveig and Heiðr: list of my sources

Aalto, S., Lehtola, V-P. (2017). ‘The Sami Representations Reflecting the Multi-Ethnic North of the Saga Literature,’ in Journal of Northern Studies, 11(2). Pages 7-30. Download for free here: https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1191573/FULLTEXT02.pdf

Abram, Christopher (2006). ‘Hell in Early Norse Poetry,’ in Viking and Medieval Scandinavia vol. 2 (2006). Pages 1-29

Alfsdotter, Clara; Papmehl-Dufay, Ludvig; Victor, Helena. (2018) ‘A moment frozen in time: evidence of a late fifth-century massacre at Sandby borg,’ in Antiquity / Volume 92 / Issue 362 / April 2018. Cambridge University Press. Pages 421 – 436. Download for free here:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324722865_A_moment_frozen_in_time_Evidence_of_a_late_fifth-century_massacre_at_Sandby_borg/fulltext/5adf220aaca272fdaf89276d/A-moment-frozen-in-time-Evidence-of-a-late-fifth-century-massacre-at-Sandby-borg.pdf

Alfsdotter, Clara; Kjellström, Anna (2019). ‘The Sandby Borg Massacre: Interpersonal Violence and the Demography of the Dead,’ in European Journal of Archaeology 22(2):1-22 · December 2018. Download for free here: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Clara_Alfsdotter2/publication/329785918_The_Sandby_Borg_Massacre_Interpersonal_Violence_and_the_Demography_of_the_Dead/links/5c1b6c37458515a4c7eb273a/The-Sandby-Borg-Massacre-Interpersonal-Violence-and-the-Demography-of-the-Dead.pdf

https://www.archaeology.org/issues/207-1603/features/4158-sweden-sandbyborg-massacre

Amory, Frederic (2001).  ‘The Historical Worth of Rígsþula,’ in alvíssmál 10 (2001): pages 3–20 http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~alvismal/10rigr.pdf

Anonymous Þulur (12th ? century AD), edited and translated by Elena Gurevich, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part 2. Pages 669 – 996. Brepols, 2017

Anonymous (late Viking or early Medieval periods). ‘Málsháttakvædi,’ edited and translated by Roberta Frank, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part 2. Pages 1213 – 1243 Brepols 2017

Arnold, Martin (2005). ‘Hvater tröll nema þat?’ The Cultural History of the Troll,’ in The Shadow-Walkers: Jacob Grimm’s Mythology of the Monstrous. Edited by Tom Shippey. Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (ASMAR 14). Brepols, 2005. Pages 111 – 155

Bek-Pedersen, Karen (2011). The Norns in Old Norse Mythology. Dunedin Academic Press 2011

Bennett, JG. The Dramatic Universe: Volume I ‘The Foundations of Natural Philosophy.’ Bennett Books, Sante Fe and London, 1997

Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson (early 13th century). ‘Jómsvíkingadrápa,’ edited and translated by Emily Lethbridge, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. I Part 2. Pages 954 – 1000. Brepols, 2012

Bosworth, Joseph (1921). An Anglo –Saxon Dictionary. With Supplement by T. Northcott Toller. Oxford at the Clarendon Press. Scholar Select Edition. 2008

Boyer, Régis (1983). ‘On the Composition of Vǫlospá,’ in in Edda: A Collection of Essays. Editors: R.J. Glendinning and Haraldur Bessason. University of Manitoba Press 2nd printing, 1985. Pages 117 – 133

Bragi Boddason inn gamli (9th century AD). ‘An exchange of verses between Bragi and a troll-woman,’ edited by Margaret Clunies Ross, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 63 – 65 and 519 – 521 (edited by Clunies Ross & Kari Ellen Gade. Brepols, 2017

Brink, Stefan (2007). ‘How Uniform was the Old Norse religion?’ in Learning and Understanding in the Old Norse World: Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross. Brepols, 2007. Pages 105 – 136

Brink, Stefan (2013). ‘Myth and Ritual in Pre-Christian Landscape,’ pages 33 – 51, in Sacred Sites and Holy Places: Exploring the Sacralization of Landscape through Time and Space. Sæbjørg Walaker Nordeide and Stefan Brink, Editors. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013.

Brown, Nancy Marie (2012). Song of the Vikings: Snorri and the Making of Norse Myths. St. Martin’s Griffin Edition, 2014

Bycock, Jesse.(1995). ‘The Fornaldarsögur: Stephen Mitchell’s Contribution,’ in Oral Tradition 10/2 (1995). Pages 451—457 Download for free here: http://www.viking.ucla.edu/publications/articles/fornaldarsogur.pdf

Campbell, Joseph (1972). Myths to Live By. Penguin Press, 1993

Campbell, Joseph (1988). Power of Myth with Bill Moyers. Anchor Books, 1991

Chadwick, Nora K (1913). ‘Þorgerðr Hölgabrúðr and the trolla þing: a note on sources,’ in The Early Cultures of North-West Europe (H.M. Chadwick Memorial Studies). Editors: Sir Cyril Fox and Bruce Dickins. Cambridge University Press, 1950. Pages 395 – 417

Chumbley, Andrew D.  (1990 – 2003).  Opuscula Magica. Volume 1: Essays on Witchcraft and the Sabbatic Tradition.  Three Hands Press, 2010

Chumbley, Andrew D.  (1992 – 2003).  Opuscula Magica.  Volume 2:  Essays on Witchcraft and Crooked Path Sorcery.  Three Hands Press, 2011

Chumbley, Andrew D.  (1995).  Qutub 2nd Edition.  XOANON, 2008

Chumbley, Andrew D. (1999).  Mysticism:  Initiation and Dream.  Three Hands Press, 2012

Clunies Ross, Margaret (1994). Prolonged Echoes: Old Norse Myths in Medieval Northern Society Volume 1: The Myths. Odense University Press, 1994

Danielsson, Ing-Marie Back (2007). Masking Moments: the Transition of Bodies and Beings in Late Iron Age Scandinavia (PhD Thesis). Stockholm Studies in Archaeology 40. Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, 2007

Dray, Alexander, writing as IremochVi (2008). The Sorcery of Perception. Private publication

Dray, Alexander (2016). The Tower of Belial: Advanced Black Magic and Techniques in Shadow Sorcery. Seven Darks Press, 2016. Paperback.

Dickerson, Cody (2016). The Language of the Corpse: The Powers of the Cadaver in Germanic and Icelandic Sorcery. Three Hands Press, 2016

Driscoll, Matthew James. ‘A new edition of the fornaldarsögur Norðurlanda: Some basic questions,’ in On editing Old Scandinavian texts: Problems and perspectives. Ed. M. Bampi & F. Ferrari (Trento, 2009), pp. 71-84 http://www.driscoll.dk/docs/driscoll-new_edition.pdf http://www.driscoll.dk/

Dronke, Ursula (1967). The Poetic Edda: Volume 1 Heroic Poems. Oxford University Press, reprinted 2004

Dronke, Ursula (1988). ‘The War of the Æsir and Vanir in Völuspá,’ in Myth and Fiction in Early Norse Lands. Collected Studies, Variorum, 1996

Dronke, Ursula. (1997) The Poetic Edda: Volume II Mythological Poems. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997

Duffy, Martin (2020).  Rites Necromantic: The Witch as Intercessor Between the Quick and the Dead.  Three Hands Press, 2020

Einarr skálaglamm Helgason (10th century AD). ‘Lausavisor,’ edited and translated by Margaret Clunies Ross, in Skaldic Poetry in the Scandinavian Middle Ages, Volume 1: Poetry From the Kings’ Sagas I Part I. Pages 330 – 335 and page 278. Brepols 2012

Ekholst, Christine. A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law. The Northern World, Volume 67, Kirby, Sigurðsson, et al, Editors . Brill, Leiden/Boston, 2014

Ellis, Helen Roderick (1968). The Road to Hel: A Study of the Conception of the Dead in Old Norse Literature. Greenwood Press, New York, 1968

Ellis Davidson, H.R. (1973). ‘Hostile Magic in the Icelandic Sagas,’ in The Witch Figure. Edited by Venitia Newell. Pages 20 – 41. Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. 1973

Elwing, Jimmy (2014).  ‘Where the Three Roads Meet,’ in Hands of Apostasy: Essays on Traditional Witchcraft. Edited by Michael Howard & Daniel A. Schulke. Three Hands Press 2014. Pages 249 – 271

Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finsson (10th century AD). ‘Hákonarmál,’ edited and translated by R.D. Fulk, pages 171–95, in Skaldic Poetry in the Scandinavian Middle Ages, Volume 1: Poetry From the Kings’ Sagas I Part I. Edited by Diana Whaley, 2012. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eyvindr_sk%C3%A1ldaspillir https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%C3%A1konarm%C3%A1l

Fell, Christine (1975), ‘Old English Beor’ in Leeds Studies in English, n.s., 8 (1975), 76–95. Download for free here: http://digital.library.leeds.ac.uk/132/1/LSE1975_pp76-95_Fell_article.pdf

Finlay, Alison and Þórdís Edda Jóhannesdóttir (2018). The Saga of the Jómsvikings: Translation and Full Introduction. Series: The Northern Medieval World. Medieval Institute Publications. 2018

Flowers, Stephen E. (2016). Icelandic Magic: Practical Secrets of the Northern Grimoires. Inner Traditions, 2016

Gardela, Leszek (2012). Entangled Worlds: Archaeologies of Ambivalence in the Viking Age. PhD thesis.

Ginzberg, Carlo (1988).  ‘Deciphering the Sabbath,’ In Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries (1988), pages 383 – 401.  Oxford University Press, paperback re-print, 2001

Gordon, Stephen (2020). Supernatural Encounters: Demons and the Restless Dead in Medieval England, c.1050-1450. Routledge, 2020

Gurevich, A. Ya (1969). ‘Space and Time in the Weltmodell of the Old Scandinavian Peoples,’ in Mediaeval Scandinavia 2 (1969). Odense University Press. Pages 42 – 53

Gurevich, Aaron (1982). ‘On Heroes, Things, Gods and Laughter in Germanic Poetry,’ in Historical Anthropology of the Middle Ages. Edited by Jana Howlett. Pages 122 – 176. University of Chicago Press, 1992

Gurevich, Elena (1917). ‘Anonymous þulur: Hjálms heiti,’ pages 828 – 831, in Poetry from Treatises on Poetics, Volume 2. Volume 3, Part 2 of Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages. Edited by Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold. Brepols, 2017

Gurevich, Elena (1917 B). ‘Anonymous þulur: Kvenna heiti ókend ,’ pages 959 – 964, in Poetry from Treatises on Poetics, Volume 2. Volume 3, Part 2 of Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages. Edited by Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold. Brepols, 2017

Hafstein, Valdimar (2003). ‘Groaning Dwarfs at Granite Doors Fieldwork in Völuspá,’ in Arkiv för nordisk filologi Vol 118 (2003). https://journals.lub.lu.se/anf/article/view/11663/10348

Hagland, Jan Ragnar (2018). ‘The Troll in Old Norwegian – Icelandic Law,’ in ‘Supernatural Encounters in Old Norse Literature and Tradition, Volume 1: Borders, Boundaries, Landscapes. Editors, Daniel Sävborg, Karen Bek-Pedersen. Brepols Publishers n.v., Turnhout, Belgium. Pages 175 – 187

Hall, J.R.  A Concise Anglo – Saxon Dictionary. Fourth Edition with a Supplement by Herbert D. Merritt. Cambridge University Press. 1969

Hallberg, Peter (1983). ‘Elements of Imagery in the Poetic Edda,’ in Edda: A Collection of Essays. Editors: R.J. Glendinning and Haraldur Bessason. University of Manitoba Press 2nd printing 1985. Pages 47 – 85

Hallvarðr háreksblesí (1016–1035). ‘Knútsdrápa,’ edited and translated by Matthew Townsend, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 230 – 240. Brepols 2017 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallvar%C3%B0r_H%C3%A1reksblesi

Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2013). The Afflicted Mirror: A Study of Ordeals and the Making of Compacts. Three Hands Press 2013.

Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2014). ‘The Witching Hour,’ in Hands of Apostasy: Essays on Traditional Witchcraft. Edited by Michael Howard & Daniel A. Schulke. Three Hands Press 2014. Pages 161 – 172

Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2017). The Witching Other: Explorations & Meditations on the Existential Witch. Atramentous Press 2017.

Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2018). Standing at the Crossroads: Dialectics of the Witching-Other. Atramentous Press 2018.

Hastrup, Kirsten (1988).  ‘Iceland: Sorcerers and Paganism,’ In Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries (1988), pages 383 – 401.  Oxford University Press, paperback re-print, 2001

Heide, Eldar (2004). ‘Spinning seiðr’ in Old Norse Religion in Long Term Perspectives: Origins, Changes & Interactions. Editors, Anders Andrén , Kristina Jennbert. Nordic Academic Press, 2006. Pages 164 – 170 Download the article for free here: http://eldar-heide.net/Publikasjonar%20til%20heimesida/Spinning%20seidr,%20Lund%20conf%20Heide.pdf

The Fantastic in Old Norse/Icelandic Literature: Preprint Papers of the 13th International Saga Conference, Durham and York 6th-12th August 2006, I-II. Ed. John McKinnell, David Ashurst, Donata Kick (Durham: Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2006). Available as free download here: http://www.sagaconference.org/SC13/SC13.html

Heide, Eldar (2011). ‘Holy Islands and the Other World: Places Beyond Water,’ in Isolated Islands in Medieval Culture, Nature and Mind. Edited by Torstein Jørgensen and Gerhard Jaritz. Pages 57 – 80. CEU Medievalia 14. Central University European Press (2011). https://www.academia.edu/2401059/Holy_islands_and_the_otherworld_places_beyond_water

Henningsen, Gustav  (1988).  ‘’The Ladies from Outside’: An archaic pattern of the Witches’ Sabbath,’ pages 191 – 215.  In Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries (1988), pages 383 – 401.  Oxford University Press, paperback re-print, 2001

Herschend, Frands (1998). The Idea of the Good in Late Iron Age Society. Uppsala University, Dept. Of Archaeology, 1998

Herschend, Frands (2003). ‘Material Metaphors: Some Late Iron and Viking Age Examples,’ in Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society. Pages 40 – 65. Edited by Margaret Clunies Ross. Odense, 2003

Hines, John (2003). ‘Myth and Reality: The Contribution of Archaeology,’ in Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society. Pages 19 – 39. Edited by Margaret Clunies Ross. Odense, 2003

Hofgarða – Refr Gestsson (11th century AD). ‘Ferðavísur,’ edited and translated by Edith Marold, with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 243 – 250. Brepols, 2017

Hofgarða – Refr Gestsson (11th century AD). ‘Poem about Gizur gullbrárskáld,’ edited and translated by Edith Marold, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 254 – 258. Brepols 2017

Hollander, Lee M. (1963). The Poetic Edda, Second Edition Revised. University of Texas Press, Austin, 2011. Paperback

Holmberg, Per; Gräslund, Bo; Sundqvist, Olof; Williams, Hendrik (2020) ‘The Rök Runestone and the End of the World,’ in Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, Vol. 9-10. Pages 7-38 http://futhark-journal.com/rok/

https://svenska.gu.se/english/research/research-projects/rok-runestone-revisited

Howard, Michael (2014). ‘Waking the Dead: The Ancient Magical Art of Necromancy,’ in Hands of Apostasy: Essays on Traditional Witchcraft. Edited by Michael Howard & Daniel A. Schulke. Three Hands Press 2014. Pages 135 – 160

Hutton, Ronald (Editor), (2015). Physical Evidence for Ritual Acts, Sorcery and Witchcraft in Christian Britain. Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic. Palgrave MacMillan 2015

Irslinger, Britta (2013). ‘Medb ‘the intoxicating one’? (Re-)constructing the past through etymology,’ in Ulidia 4. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Ulster Cycle of Tales. Queens-University, Belfast, 27-29 June, 2013.” Ed. Mícheál Ó Mainnín & Gregory Toner. Pages 38 – 55  Download the pre-print file for free here: https://www.academia.edu/17511465/Medb_the_intoxicating_one_Re_constructing_the_past_through_etymology  (The pre-print version is also the page numbering that I reference.)

Jakobsdóttir, Svava (1980). ‘Gunnlöð and the precious mead,’ translated by Katrina Attwood, in The Poetic Edda: Essays on Old Norse Mythology. Edited by Paul Acker and Carolyne Larrington. Routledge 2016. Pages 27 – 57

Jakobsson, Ármann (2012) ‘The Earliest Legendary Saga Manuscripts,’ in The Legendary Sagas: Origins and Development. Editors: Annette Lassen, Agneta Ney and Ármann Jakobsson. University of Iceland Press Reykjavík 2012. Pages 21 – 31

Jakobsson, Sverrir. (2007) ‘Hauksbók and Construction of an Icelandic World View,’ in Saga-Book 31 (2007)   http://www.vsnrweb-publications.org.uk/Saga-Book%20XXXI.pdf

Jansson, Sven B. (1987). Runes in Sweden. Translated by Peter Foote, photos by Bengt A. Lundberg. Gidlunds, 2nd Edition (1997)

Jørgensen, Lars. ‘Norse religion and ritual sites in Scandinavia in the 6th-11th century,’ in Proceedings of the Northern Worlds Conference Copenhagen 2012. Editor, Hans Christian Gulløv. Pages 129 – 150

Ketchner, Georgia Dunham (1935).  Dreams in Old Norse Literature and their Affinities in Folklore.  Cambridge University Press, paperback edition, 2013

Kristjánsson, Jónas (1988). Eddas and Sagas: Iceland’s Medieval Literature. Transl. by Peter Foote. Reykjavík : Hid Islenska Bokmenntafelag, 1992

Kure, Henning (2013). ‘Wading Heavy Currents: Snorri’s Use of Vǫluspá 39,’ in The Nordic Apocalypse: Approaches to Vǫluspá and Nordic Days of Judgement. Editors, Terry Gunnell and Annette Lassen. Book series: Acta Scandinavica, Volume 2. Brepols Publishers, Turnhout, Belgium, 2013. Pages 79 – 91

Kuusela, Tommy (2019). ‘Halls, Gods and Giants: The Enigma of Gullveig in Óðinn’s Hall,’ with response by Eldar Heide, in Myth, Materiality and Lived Religion: In Merovingian and Viking Scandinavia. Pages 25 – 57. Stockholm University Press, 2019. Download the book or read it for free here: https://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/25005

Laidoner, Triin (2020). Ancestor Worship and the Elite in Late Iron Age Scandinavia: A Grave Matter. Routledge, 2020.

Larrington, Carolyne (2014), translator. The Poetic Edda: Revised Edition. Oxford University Press

Larson, Lawrence M. (1935). Translator and commentator. The Earliest Norwegian Laws: being the Gulathing law and the Frostathing law. ( New York : Columbia University Press, 1935) Lawbook Exchange edition 2nd printing 2011.

Lassen, Annette (2005). ‘Óðinn in Old Norse Texts other than The Elder Edda, Snorra Edda and Ynglinga saga,’ in Viking and Medieval Scandinavia 1, Pages 91 – 108

Lecouteux, Claude (1996). The Return of the Dead: Ghosts, Ancestors and the Transparent Veil of the Pagan Mind. Translated from the French by Jon E. Graham. Inner Traditions International 2009

Lindow, John (1997). Murder and Vengeance Among the Gods: Baldr in Scandinavian Mythology. FF Communications No. 262. Suomalainen tiedeakatemia, Academia Scientiarum Fennica (1997)

Lindow, John (2003). ‘Cultures in Contact,’ in Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society. Pages 89 – 109. Edited by Margaret Clunies Ross. Odense, 2003

Lindow, John (2007). ‘Poetry, Dwarfs and Gods: Understanding Alvíssmál,’ in Learning and Understanding in the Old Norse World: Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross. Brepols 2007. Pages 285 – 303

Lionarons, Joyce Tally (2005). ‘Dísir, Valkyries, Völur and Norns: The Weise Frauen of the Deutsche Mythologie,’ in The Shadow-Walkers: Jacob Grimm’s Mythology of the Monstrous. Edited by Tom Shippey. . Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (ASMAR 14), pages 271 – 297. Brepols, 2005.

Ljungkvist, J; P Frölund; H Göthberg and D Löwenborg (2011). ‘Gamla Uppsala – Structural Development of a Centre in Middle Sweden,’ in Archäologisches Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 41. Pages 571 – 58.

Ljungkvist, John and Frölund, Per (2015). ‘Gamla Uppsala – the emergence of a centre and a magnate complex,’ in Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History 2015 Number 16. Editors: Frands Herschend, Paul Sinclair and Neil Price. Uppsala Universitet, Dept. of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala, Sweden.

Luck, Georg. (1985, 2006). Arcana mundi : magic and the occult in the Greek and Roman worlds : a collection of ancient texts / translated, annotated, and introduced. 2nd Edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lund, Julie (2005). ‘Thresholds and Passages: The Meanings of Bridges and Crossings in the Viking Age and Early Middle Ages,’ in Viking and Medieval Scandinavia 1. Judy Quinn.Stefan Brink & John Hines (ed.). Pages 109 – 135

Markey, Tom (1999.) ‘Studies in Runic Origins 2: From Gods to Men,’ in American Journal of Linguistics & Literatures 11.2. Pages 131 – 203

McKinnell, John (1994).  Both One and Many: essays on change and variety in Late Norse Heathenism. Roma Il calamo, 1994

McKinnell, John. (1998 – 2001). ‘On Heiðr,’ in Saga Book XXV, pages 394 – 417. Download searchable edition for free here: http://www.vsnrweb-publications.org.uk/Saga-Book%20XXV.pdf

McKinnell, John (2002). ‘Þorgerðr Hölgabrúðr and Hyndluljóð,’ in Mythological Women: Studies in Memory of Lotte Motz (1922-1997). Ed. Rudolf Simek & Wilhelm Heizmann. Wien: Fassbaender 2002. Pages 265 – 290

McKinnell, J. and Simek, R. and Düwel, K. (2004). Runes, magic and religion: a sourcebook. Vienna: Fassbaender. Studia Medievalia Septentrionalia ; Bd. 10.

McKinnell, John (2005). Meeting the Other in Norse Myth and Legend. D.S. Brewer, Cambridge 2005

McKinnell, John (2007).   ‘The Making of Hávamál, in Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, Volume 3, 2007.  Brepols

McKinnell, John (2013). ‘Heathenism in Vǫluspá: A Preliminary Survey,’ in The Nordic Apocalypse: Approaches to Vǫluspá and Nordic Days of Judgement. Editors, Terry Gunnell and Annette Lassen  Book series: Acta Scandinavica, Volume 2. Brepols Publishers, Turnhout, Belgium, 2013. Pages  93 – 110

McKinnell, John (2014a). ‘Heiðr and Gullveig,’ in Essays on Eddic Poetry. Edited by Donata Kick and John D. Shafer. Toronto Old Norse-Icelandic Series (TONIS). University of Toronto Press 2014. Pages 34 – 58

McKinnell, John (2014b). ‘Þorgerðr Hǫlgabrúðr and Freyja in Hyndluljóð,’ in Essays on Eddic Poetry. Edited by Donata Kick and John D. Shafer. Toronto Old Norse-Icelandic Series (TONIS). University of Toronto Press 2014. Pages 268 – 291

McKinnell, John (2003). ‘Encounters with Volur,’ in Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society. Pages 110 – 131. Edited by Margaret Clunies Ross. Odense, 2003

Mitchell, Stephen (1997). ‘Blåkulla and Its Antecedents: Transvection and Conventicles in Nordic Witchcraft,’ in alvíssmál 7 (1997). Pages 81 – 100  http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~alvismal/7sabbat.pdf

Mitchell, Stephen (2003). ‘Magic as Acquired Art and the Ethnographic Value of the Sagas, in Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society. Pages 132 – 152. Edited by Margaret Clunies Ross. Odense, 2003

Mitchell, Stephen (2011). Witchcraft and Magic in the Nordic Middle Ages. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014

Moberg, Lennart. (1970 – 1973). ‘The languages of Alvíssmál,’ in Saga-Book 18 (1970-73), pages 299 – 323. Download a searchable edition for free here: http://www.vsnrweb-publications.org.uk/Saga-Book%201-22%20searchable/Saga-Book%20XVIII.pdf

Motz, Lotte (1973). “New Thoughts on Dwarf-Names in Old Icelandic”, in Frühmittelalterliche Studien. Pages 100–117.

Motz, Lotte (1977a). ‘The Craftsman in the Mound,’ in Folklore, Vol. 88, No. 1 (1977). Pages 46-60

Motz, Lotte (1993). ‘Gullveig’s Ordeal: A New Interpretation,’ in Arkiv för nordisk filologi 108 (1993). Pages 80–92. https://journals.lub.lu.se/anf/article/view/11523/10215

Motz, Lotte (1998). ‘The Great Goddess of the North,’ in Arkiv för nordisk filologi 113. Pages 29–57  https://journals.lub.lu.se/anf/article/view/11575

Mundal, Else (2002). ‘Austra sat in aldna… Giantesses and female powers in Vǫluspá,’ in Mythological Women: Studies in Memory of Lotte Motz. Ed. Rudolf Simek and Wilhelm Heizmann .Studia Medievalia Septentrionalia 7. Fassbaender 2002. Pages 185 – 195

Naess, Hans Eyvind  (1988).  ‘Norway, the Criminological Context,’ in In Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries (1988), pages 367 – 382.  Oxford University Press, paperback re-print, 2001

Nordal, Sigurður, editor. Voluspá. (1922 – 23). Commentary translated into English by Translated by B S Benedikz & John McKinnell. Published by Durham & St Andrew’s Medieval Texts, Durham, 1980 (reprint with corrections from first edition)

Nordal, Sigurður (1970 – 73). ’Three Essays on Voluspa,’ in Saga-Book 18 (1970-73), pages 79 – 135  Download a searchable edition for free here: http://www.vsnrweb-publications.org.uk/Saga-Book%201-22%20searchable/Saga-Book%20XVIII.pdf

Nordberg, Andreas (2009). ‘The Grave as a Doorway to the Other World: Architectural Religious Symbolism in Iron Age Graves in Scandinavia,’ in Temenos Vol. 45 No. 1 (2009). Pages 35–63. The Finnish Society for the Study of Religion

North, Richard (1997).  Heathen Gods in Old English Literature.  Cambridge University Press, 1997

Nyygaard, Simon (2018). ‘nú knáttu Óðin sjá: The Function of Hall-Based, Ritualised Performances of Old Norse Poetry in Pre-Christian Nordic Religion,’ pages 26 – 34, in The Fortified Viking Age. Mette Bruus and Jesper Hansen, editors. Odense: Odense City Museums and University Press of Southern Denmark. 2018 https://www.academia.edu/37377703/Nygaard_2018_n%C3%BA_kn%C3%A1ttu_%C3%93%C3%B0in_sj%C3%A1_The_Function_of_Hall_Based_Ritualised_Performances_of_Old_Norse_Poetry_in_Pre_Christian_Nordic_Religion_In_The_Fortified_Viking_Age_ed_Mette_Bruus_and_Jesper_Hansen_26_34_Odense_Odense_City_Museums_and_University_Press_of_Southern_Denmark

Ogden, Daniel (2001). Greek and Roman Necromancy. Princeton University Press, 2001

Ólason, Vésteinn (2013). ‘Vǫluspá and Time,’ in in The Nordic Apocalypse: Approaches to Vǫluspá and Nordic Days of Judgement. Editors, Terry Gunnell and Annette Lassen. Book series: Acta Scandinavica, Volume 2. Brepols Publishers, Turnhout, Belgium, 2013. Pages 25 – 44

Ólason, Vésteinn (2003). ‘The Un/Grateful Dead-From Baldr to Bægifótr,’ pages 153 – 171, in Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society. Clunies Ross, Margaret, Editor. The Viking collection / 14. University Press of Southern Denmark 2003

Óttarr svarti, ‘Lausavísur,’ (c. 1024). Edited and translated by Matthew Townend and R.D. Fulk, pages 783 – 789 , in Skaldic Poetry in the Scandinavian Middle Ages, Volume 1: Poetry From the Kings’ Sagas I Part 2. Edited by Diana Whaley, 2012

Pálsson, Hermann and Paul Edwards (1972). Editors, translators, preface. Landnámabók: The Book of Settlements. University of Manitoba Press 1972

Pálsson, Hermann (1996). Editor, translator, commentator. Vo̧luspá : the Sibyl’s Prophecy. Edinburgh Lockharton Press 1996

Pálsson, Hermann. (1999) ‘The Sami People in Old Norse Literature,’ in Nordlit 3 (1), pages 29-53. Download for free here: https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/nordlit/article/view/2143/2000

Pollington, Stephen (2011).  The Elder Gods:  the Otherworld of Early England.  Anglo-Saxon Books, 2011

Poole, Russell (2007). ‘Myth and Ritual in the Háleygjatal of Eyvindr skáldaspillir,‘ in Learning and Understanding in the Old Norse World: Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross. Pages 153 – 176. Brepols, 2007

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Þjóðólfr of Hvinir [Thjodolf] (early 10th century AD). ‘Haustlǫng,’ edited and translated by Margaret Clunies Ross, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 431 – 463. Brepols 2017 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%9Ej%C3%B3%C3%B0%C3%B3lfr_of_Hvinir

Þjóðólfr of Hvinir [Thjodolf] (early 10th century AD). ‘Ynglingatal,’ edited and translated by Edith Marold, pages 3 –59, in Skaldic Poetry in the Scandinavian Middle Ages, Volume 1: Poetry From the Kings’ Sagas I Part I. Edited by Diana Whaley. Brepols 2012. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ynglingatal

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About Marnie Tunay

I'm not here much at the moment. You can visit my web-sites to learn more about me. https://marnietunay2.wordpress.com/
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1 Response to Vǫluspá, Gullveig and Heiðr: list of my sources

  1. Pingback: SOURCES CITED For Vǫluspá’s Gullveig, Heiðr and narrator: one, two or three? | Fakirs Canada

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