UPDATE: Sept 07/20 at 11:45 AM EDM: Happy Labor Day, folks. Just a quick update on how the post is going: A couple of weeks ago, I was delighted when ‘Godot’ finally showed up in my mailbox from Germany: the book ‘Old Norse Myths, Literature and Society,’ edited by Margaret Clunies Ross, 2003.** I was also shocked, because I’d completely given up hope of ever seeing it; it had vanished into the twilight zone for three months. Note to self: “multiple pin no” means ‘problem solved,’ to Canada Post. It would have been nice if CP had mentioned that the book was on its way before I got a refund and then had to hastily re-arrange a re-payment with the very excellent seller Antiquariat Thomas Rezek but, I digress. The book is superb but very heavy reading, as is another one I’m currently into: ‘Historical Anthropology of the Middle Ages,’ by the sadly under-rated genius Aaron Gurevich.
And, I get distracted. I’m working on that. 🙂
I’m aiming for the end of the year for the first blog-post on Völuspá, There’s a reason nobody else has ever done this kind of in-depth study on the poem and its characters Gullveig and Heidr.
** Many of the papers from the book were originally given at the Eleventh International Saga Conference, and they are available for free in their pre-print versions here: http://www.sagaconference.org/SC11/SC11.html Arrows at the bottom of that page will let you scroll to the other conference pre-print pages.
Aalto, S., Lehtola, V-P. (2017). ‘The Sami Representations Reflecting the Multi-Ethnic North of the Saga Literature,’ in Journal of Northern Studies, 11(2). Pages 7-30. Download for free here: https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1191573/FULLTEXT02.pdf
Abram, Christopher (2006). ‘Hell in Early Norse Poetry,’ in Viking and Medieval Scandinavia vol. 2 (2006). Pages 1-29
Alfsdotter, Clara; Papmehl-Dufay, Ludvig; Victor, Helena. (2018) ‘A moment frozen in time: evidence of a late fifth-century massacre at Sandby borg,’ in Antiquity / Volume 92 / Issue 362 / April 2018. Cambridge University Press. Pages 421 – 436. Download for free here:
Alfsdotter, Clara; Kjellström, Anna (2019). ‘The Sandby Borg Massacre: Interpersonal Violence and the Demography of the Dead,’ in European Journal of Archaeology 22(2):1-22 · December 2018. Download for free here: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Clara_Alfsdotter2/publication/329785918_The_Sandby_Borg_Massacre_Interpersonal_Violence_and_the_Demography_of_the_Dead/links/5c1b6c37458515a4c7eb273a/The-Sandby-Borg-Massacre-Interpersonal-Violence-and-the-Demography-of-the-Dead.pdf
Anonymous Þulur (12th ? century AD), edited and translated by Elena Gurevich, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part 2. Pages 669 – 996. Brepols 2017
Anonymous (late Viking or early Medieval periods). ‘Málsháttakvædi,’ edited and translated by Roberta Frank, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part 2. Brepols 2017. Pages 1213 – 1243
Arnold, Martin (2005). ‘Hvater tröll nema þat?’ The Cultural History of the Troll,’ in The Shadow-Walkers: Jacob Grimm’s Mythology of the Monstrous. Edited by Tom Shippey. Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (ASMAR 14). Brepols 2005. Pages 111 – 155
Bek-Pedersen, Karen (2011). The Norns in Old Norse Mythology. Dunedin Academic Press 2011
Bennett, JG. The Dramatic Universe: Volume I ‘The Foundations of Natural Philosophy.’ Bennett Books, Sante Fe and London, 1997
Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson (early 13th century). ‘Jómsvíkingadrápa,’ edited and translated by Emily Lethbridge, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. I Part 2. Pages 954 – 1000. Brepols 2012 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3msv%C3%ADkingadr%C3%A1pa
Bosworth, Joseph (1921). An Anglo–Saxon Dictionary. With Supplement by T. Northcott Toller. Oxford at the Clarendon Press. Scholar Select Edition. 2008
Boyer, Régis (1983). ‘On the Composition of Vǫlospá,’ in in Edda: A Collection of Essays. Editors: R.J. Glendinning and Haraldur Bessason. University of Manitoba Press 2nd printing 1985. Pages 117 – 133
Bragi Boddason inn gamli (9th century AD). ‘An exchange of verses between Bragi and a troll-woman,’ edited by Margaret Clunies Ross, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 63 – 65 and 519 – 521 (edited by Clunies Ross & Kari Ellen Gade). Brepols 2017
Brink, Stefan (2007). ‘How Uniform was the Old Norse religion?’ in Learning and Understanding in the Old Norse World: Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross. Brepols 2007. Pages 105 – 136
Brink, Stefan (2013). ‘Myth and Ritual in Pre-Christian Landscape,’ pages 33 – 51, in Sacred Sites and Holy Places: Exploring the Sacralization of Landscape through Time and Space. Sæbjørg Walaker Nordeide and Stefan Brink, Editors. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013.
Brown, Nancy Marie (2012). Song of the Vikings: Snorri and the Making of Norse Myths. St. Martin’s Griffin Edition 2014
Bycock, Jesse.(1995). ‘The Fornaldarsögur: Stephen Mitchell’s Contribution,’ in Oral Tradition 10/2(1995). Pages 451—457 Download for free here:
Campbell, Joseph (1972). Myths to Live By. Penguin Press 1993
Campbell, Joseph (1988). Power of Myth with Bill Moyers. Anchor Books 1991
Chadwick, Nora K (1913). ‘Þorgerðr Hölgabrúðr and the trolla þing: a note on sources,’ in The Early Cultures of North-West Europe (H.M. Chadwick Memorial Studies). Editors: Sir Cyril Fox and Bruce Dickins. Cambridge University Press 1950. Pages 395 – 417
Clunies Ross, Margaret (1994). Prolonged Echoes: Old Norse Myths in Medieval Northern Society Volume 1: The Myths. Odense University Press 1994
Danielsson, Ing-Marie Back (2007). Masking Moments: the Transition of Bodies and Beings in Late Iron Age Scandinavia (PhD Thesis). Stockholm Studies in Archaeology 40. Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, 2007
DeAngelo, Jeremy (2010). ‘The North and the Depiction of the Finnar in the Icelandic Sagas,’ in Scandinavian Studies 82 (2010), pages 257–81
Dickerson, Cody (2016). The Language of the Corpse: The Powers of the Cadaver in Germanic and Icelandic Sorcery. Three Hands Press 2016
Driscoll, Matthew James. ‘A new edition of the fornaldarsögur Norðurlanda: Some basic questions,’ in On editing Old Scandinavian texts: Problems and perspectives. Ed. M. Bampi & F. Ferrari (Trento, 2009), pp. 71-84 http://www.driscoll.dk/docs/driscoll-new_edition.pdf
Dronke, Ursula (1967). The Poetic Edda: Volume 1 Heroic Poems. Oxford University Press, reprinted 2004
Dronke, Ursula (1988). ‘The War of the Æsir and Vanir in Völuspá,’ in Myth and Fiction in Early Norse Lands. Collected Studies, Variorum 1996
Dronke, Ursula. (1997) The Poetic Edda: Volume II Mythological Poems. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997
Einarr skálaglamm Helgason (10th century AD). ‘Lausavisor,’ edited and translated by Margaret Clunies Ross, in Skaldic Poetry in the Scandinavian Middle Ages, Volume 1: Poetry From the Kings’ Sagas I Part I. Pages 330 – 335 and page 278. Brepols 2012
Ekholst, Christine. A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law. The Northern World, Volume 67, Kirby, Sigurðsson, et al, Editors . Brill, Leiden/Boston, 2014
Ellis, Helen Roderick (1968). The Road to Hel: A Study of the Conception of the Dead in Old Norse Literature. Greenwood Press, New York, 1968
Ellis Davidson, H.R. (1973). ‘Hostile Magic in the Icelandic Sagas,’ in The Witch Figure. Edited by Venitia Newell. Pages 20 – 41. Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. 1973
Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finsson (10th century AD). ‘Hákonarmál,’ edited and translated by R.D. Fulk, pages 171–95, in Skaldic Poetry in the Scandinavian Middle Ages, Volume 1: Poetry From the Kings’ Sagas I Part I. Edited by Diana Whaley, 2012.
Fell, Christine (1975), ‘Old English Beor’ in Leeds Studies in English, n.s., 8 (1975), 76–95. Download for free here: http://digital.library.leeds.ac.uk/132/1/LSE1975_pp76-95_Fell_article.pdf
Finlay, Alison and Þórdís Edda Jóhannesdóttir (2018). The Saga of the Jómsvikings: Translation and Full Introduction. Series: The Northern Medieval World. Medieval Institute Publications. 2018
Gardela, Leszek (2012). Entangled Worlds: Archaeologies of Ambivalence in the Viking Age. PhD thesis.
Gordon, Stephen (2020). Supernatural Encounters: Demons and the Restless Dead in Medieval England, c.1050-1450. Routledge 2020
Gurevich, A. Ya (1969). ‘Space and Time in the Weltmodell of the Old Scandinavian Peoples,’ in Mediaeval Scandinavia 2 (1969). Odense University Press. Pages 42 – 53
Gurevich, Elena (1917). ‘Anonymous þulur: Hjálms heiti,’ pages 828 – 831, in Poetry from Treatises on Poetics, Volume 2. Volume 3, Part 2 of Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages. Edited by Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold. Brepols. 2017
Gurevich, Elena (1917 B). ‘Anonymous þulur: Kvenna heiti ókend ,’ pages 959 – 964, in Poetry from Treatises on Poetics, Volume 2. Volume 3, Part 2 of Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages. Edited by Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold. Brepols. 2017
Hafstein, Valdimar (2003). ‘Groaning Dwarfs at Granite Doors Fieldwork in Völuspá,’ in Arkiv för nordisk filologi Vol 118 (2003). https://journals.lub.lu.se/anf/article/view/11663/10348
Hall, J.R. A Concise Anglo – Saxon Dictionary. Fourth Edition with a Supplement by Herbert D. Merritt. Cambridge University Press. 1969
Hagland, Jan Ragnar (2018). ‘The Troll in Old Norwegian – Icelandic Law,’ in ‘Supernatural Encounters in Old Norse Literature and Tradition, Volume 1: Borders, Boundaries, Landscapes. Editors, Daniel Sävborg, Karen Bek-Pedersen. Brepols Publishers n.v., Turnhout, Belgium. Pages 175 – 187
Hallberg, Peter (1983). ‘Elements of Imagery in the Poetic Edda,’ in Edda: A Collection of Essays. Editors: R.J. Glendinning and Haraldur Bessason. University of Manitoba Press 2nd printing 1985. Pages 47 – 85
Hallvarðr háreksblesí (1016–1035). ‘Knútsdrápa,’ edited and translated by Matthew Townsend, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 230 – 240. Brepols 2017
Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2013). The Afflicted Mirror: A Study of Ordeals and the Making of Compacts. Three Hands Press 2013.
Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2014). ‘The Witching Hour,’ in Hands of Apostasy: Essays on Traditional Witchcraft. Edited by Michael Howard & Daniel A. Schulke. Three Hands Press 2014. Pages 161 – 172
Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2017). The Witching Other: Explorations & Meditations on the Existential Witch. Atramentous Press 2017.
Hamilton-Giles, Peter (2018). Standing at the Crossroads: Dialectics of the Witching-Other. Atramentous Press 2018.
Heide, Eldar (2004). ‘Spinning seiðr’ in Old Norse Religion in Long Term Perspectives: Origins, Changes & Interactions. Editors, Anders Andrén , Kristina Jennbert. Nordic Academic Press, 2006. Pages 164 – 170 Download the article for free here: http://eldar-heide.net/Publikasjonar%20til%20heimesida/Spinning%20seidr,%20Lund%20conf%20Heide.pdf
Heide, Eldar (2006). ‘Spirits Through Respiratory Passages,’ in The Fantastic in Old Norse/Icelandic Literature: Preprint Papers of the 13th International Saga Conference, Durham and York 6th-12th August 2006, I-II. Ed. John McKinnell, David Ashurst, Donata Kick (Durham: Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2006). Available as free download here: http://www.sagaconference.org/SC13/SC13.html
Heide, Eldar (2011). ‘Holy Islands and the Other World: Places Beyond Water,’ in in Isolated Islands in Medieval Culture, Nature and Mind. Edited by Torstein Jørgensen and Gerhard Jaritz. Pages 57 – 80. CEU Medievalia 14. Central University European Press (2011). https://www.academia.edu/2401059/Holy_islands_and_the_otherworld_places_beyond_water
Hofgarða – Refr Gestsson (11th century AD). ‘Ferðavísur,’ edited and translated by Edith Marold, with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 243 – 250. Brepols 2017
Hofgarða – Refr Gestsson (11th century AD). ‘Poem about Gizur gullbrárskáld,’ edited and translated by Edith Marold, in Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages Vol. III Part I. Pages 254 – 258. Brepols 2017
Hollander, Lee M. (2011). The Poetic Edda, Second Edition Revised. University of Texas Press, Austin. 2011, paperback
Holmberg, Per; Gräslund, Bo; Sundqvist, Olof; Williams, Hendrik (2020) ‘The Rök Runestone and the End of the World,’ in Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, Vol. 9-10. Pages 7-38 http://futhark-journal.com/rok/
Howard, Michael (2014). ‘Waking the Dead: The Ancient Magical Art of Necromancy,’ in Hands of Apostasy: Essays on Traditional Witchcraft. Edited by Michael Howard & Daniel A. Schulke. Three Hands Press 2014. Pages 135 – 160
Hutton, Ronald (Editor), (2015). Physical Evidence for Ritual Acts, Sorcery and Witchcraft in Christian Britain. Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic. Palgrave MacMillan 2015
Irslinger, Britta (2013). ‘Medb ‘the intoxicating one’? (Re-)constructing the past through etymology,’ in Ulidia 4. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Ulster Cycle of Tales. Queens-University, Belfast, 27-29 June, 2013.” Ed. Mícheál Ó Mainnín & Gregory Toner. Pages 38 – 55Download the pre-print file for free here: https://www.academia.edu/17511465/Medb_the_intoxicating_one_Re_constructing_the_past_through_etymology (The pre-print version is also the page numbering that I reference.)
Jakobsdóttir, Svava (1980). ‘Gunnlöð and the precious mead,’ translated by Katrina Attwood, in The Poetic Edda: Essays on Old Norse Mythology. Edited by Paul Acker and Carolyne Larrington. Routledge 2016. Pages 27 – 57
Jakobsson, Ármann (2012) ‘The Earliest Legendary Saga Manuscripts,’ in The Legendary Sagas: Origins and Development. Editors: Annette Lassen, Agneta Ney and Ármann Jakobsson. University of Iceland Press Reykjavík 2012. Pages 21 – 31
Jakobsson, Sverrir. (2007) ‘Hauksbók and Construction of an Icelandic World View,’ in Saga-Book 31 (2007) http://www.vsnrweb-publications.org.uk/Saga-Book%20XXXI.pdf
Jansson, Sven B. (1987). Runes in Sweden. Translated by Peter Foote, photos by Bengt A. Lundberg. Gidlunds, 2nd Edition (1997)
Jørgensen, Lars. ‘Norse religion and ritual sites in Scandinavia in the 6th-11th century,’ in Proceedings of the Northern Worlds Conference Copenhagen 2012. Editor, Hans Christian Gulløv. Pages 129 – 150
Kristjánsson, Jónas (1988). Eddas and Sagas: Iceland’s Medieval Literature. Transl. by Peter Foote. Reykjavík : Hid Islenska Bokmenntafelag, 1992
Kure, Henning (2013). ‘Wading Heavy Currents: Snorri’s Use of Vǫluspá 39,’ in The Nordic Apocalypse: Approaches to Vǫluspá and Nordic Days of Judgement. Editors, Terry Gunnell and Annette Lassen. Book series: Acta Scandinavica, Volume 2. Brepols Publishers, Turnhout, Belgium, 2013. Pages 79 – 91
Laidoner, Triin (2020). Ancestor Worship and the Elite in Late Iron Age Scandinavia: A Grave Matter. Routledge, 2020.
Larrington, Carolyne (2014), translator. The Poetic Edda’ Revised Edition. Oxford University Press
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Lindow, John (2007). ‘Poetry, Dwarfs and Gods: Understanding Alvíssmál,’ in Learning and Understanding in the Old Norse World: Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross. Brepols 2007. Pages 285 – 303
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Nordal, Sigurður (1970 – 73). ’Three Essays on Voluspa,’ in Saga-Book 18 (1970-73), pages 79 – 135 Download a searchable edition for free here: http://www.vsnrweb-publications.org.uk/Saga-Book%201-22%20searchable/Saga-Book%20XVIII.pdf
Nordberg, Andreas (2009). ‘The Grave as a Doorway to the Other World: Architectural Religious Symbolism in Iron Age Graves in Scandinavia,’ in Temenos Vol. 45 No. 1 (2009). Pages 35–63. The Finnish Society for the Study of Religion
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Price, Douglas T. (2015). Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History from the First Humans to the Vikings. Oxford University Press 2015
Price, Neil (2010). Passing into Poetry: Viking-Age Mortuary Drama and the Origins of Norse Mythology,’ in Society for Medieval Archaeology 54. Pages 123 – 156.
Price, Neil (2012). ‘Twilight of the gods? The ‘dust veil event’ of AD 536 in critical perspective,’ in Antiquity, 86. Pages 428 – 443
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Raudvere, Catharina (2012). ‘Fictive rituals in Völuspá: Mythological Narration Between Agency and Structure in the Representation of Reality,’ in More Than Mythology: Narratives, Ritual Practices and Regional Distribution in Pre-Christian Scandinavian Religions. Editors: Catharina Raudvere and Jens Peter Schjødt. Nordic Academic Press 2012
Riisøy, Ann Irene (2016). ‘Eddic Poetry: A Gateway to Late Iron Age Ladies of Law,’ in Debating the Thing in the North: The Assembly Project II: Journal of the North Atlantic University College of Southeast Norway, Faculty of Humanities, Sports, and Education, Drammen, Norway 2016 Special Volume 8: 157–171
Rösli, Lukas (2017). ‘The Myth of Útgarðr: A Toponym as a Basis for an Old Norse System of Values?’ in Viking and Medieval Scandinavia 13 (2017). Pages 211 – 227
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Samplonius, Kees (2013). ‘The Background and Scope of Vǫluspá,’ in The Nordic Apocalypse: Approaches to Vǫluspá and Nordic Days of Judgement. Editors, Terry Gunnell and Annette Lassen Book series: Acta Scandinavica, Volume 2. Brepols Publishers, Turnhout, Belgium, 2013. Pages 113 – 145 http://samplonius.net/pdfs/BackgroundAndScopeVoluspa2.pdf
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